Alternatives for Sulfr hexafluoride | 2020 | Siemens Energy Global

Alternatives for Sulfr hexafluoride urgently sought. In most of the worldsubstations sulfur hexafluoride (insulating gas) is the insulating gas of choice. Still, due its potential climate impact, industry is looking for environmentally friendly solutions – and they have options. In Bergen, a transformer station supplies electricity to Norwaylargest port for cruise ships.

Get Price

Sulfr hexafluoride reduction, Alternatives and Process improvement in the

Actual sf 6 Alternatives in Japan(1) 2005/Oct ; Tokai Rika ( Press release) 9Introduction of “Mg-Shield” gas system in model line 9Forecast of GHG Reduction equivalent to CO2 gas : about 45,000t- CO2/year 9METI’s Financial Support Program for “Business and Area Improvement on the GWP reduction at the year 2005 “ 2006/Feb; Tokai Rika

Get Price

A review on sf6 gas substitute gases and research status of CF3I

Nov 01, 2018 · In 2014, the European Union planned to reduce SF 6 emissions by two-thirds by 2030 (Mota-Babiloni et al., 2015). On the contrary, discussions in International Council on Large Electric systems (CIGRE) determined that SF 6 has obviously become one of the major causes of power development and environmental protection.

Get Price

Eco-efficient alternatives to insulating gas: Continuing the AirPlus

May 30, 2019 · At CIRED 2019, the world’s most important conference for medium-voltage technologies in distribution grids, ABB continues the success story of its eco-efficient insulation gases. ABB’s AirPlus™ technology is a revolutionary technology from ABB, and an alternative to sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) gas. Four years ago, at CIRED 2015 in Lyon, France, ABB announced the world’s first eco-efficient AirPlus switchgear at the Oerlikon substation of Swiss utility ewz.

Get Price

What are the alternatives to Sulfr hexafluoride gas?

Mar 31, 2020 · Director of Communications and CSR, ECA. Sulphur hexafluoride (sf 6) gas is an excellent electrical insulator. It’s great at preventing short circuits in medium- and high-voltage electrical installations that would otherwise lead to damage, disruption, fire or explosion. Unfortunately, SF 6 is also believed to be the world’s most potent greenhouse gas, with a global warming potential 23,500 times more, kg for kg, than CO 2 .

Get Price

Why the EU should ban sf 6

What Is gaz sf6? and How Is It used?Is Sulfr hexafluoride A Danger to Human Health?How Environmentally Damaging Is It?Has The Environmental Impact Even Been Underestimated?Is The Mitigation of sf6 gas Emissions Difficult? Do Better Solutions Exist?Conclusiongaz sf6 is a long-lived, highly potent greenhouse gas. It is manmade and combines excellent electrical properties with chemical stability and low toxicity. Moreover, It’s non-flammable and low in cost. These characteristics have led to its widespread and enthusiastic adoption by the electrical industry, which uses approximately 80% of all sf6 gasproduced (Powell, 2002: 6). Within the electrical industry insulating gasis used as an insulating medium for medium (MV) and high (HV) voltage electrical switchgear. A switchgear is the combination of electrical disconnect switches, fuses or circuit breakers used to control, protect and isolate sections of electrical grids. Low-voltage (LV) switchgear are used for controlling electrical circuits within buildings, medium voltage (MV) switchgear for controlling the electrical grids within cities and towns, and high voltage (HV) switchgear for grids that span a greater geographical area such as countries and regions.

Get Price

Sustainable Alternatives to gaz sf6 Gas within MV and HV

Aug 03, 2018 · Be part of the chalenge: propose a solution! The challenge is aimed at finding alternative solutions to the use of Sulfr hexafluoride gas as an insulating and/or interrupting medium within MV and HV equipment. Sulfur Hexafluoride (insulating gas) gas is largely used as a dielectric and insulating material in the transmission and distribution equipment. Unfortunately, sf6 gas is also an extremely potent greenhouse gas with

Get Price

Western Power Distribution - Sulfr hexafluoride Alternatives

ObjectiveProblemMethodThe objectives of this project are to: 1. Conduct a literature review on all previous research considering Sulfr hexafluoride gas alternatives; 2. Identify alternative solutions from the literature review which can be recommended for initial testing; 3. Conduct initial interruption and insulation tests on the proposed gases and document outcomes; and 4. Disseminate the lessons learnt to internal and external stakeholders.

Get Price

Energy industry free from Sulfr hexafluoride: latest market developments

Apr 11, 2019 · A significant step was made in this direction at the end of 2018 when the European Commission issued a new tender that aims, among other, to “investigate the existence of alternatives to sulphur hexafluoride (insulating gas) in switchgear and assess their feasibility and market potential“ and “identify appropriate policy measures for different types of electrical installations using sf6 gas including switchgear, in particular the use of prohibitions and cap/phase-down schemes, and make

Get Price

Development Sf6 Alternative Gases in Switchgears - Switchgear

Nov 23, 2019 · An additional alternative approach is proposed to use air for insulation. The possible candidates are introduced, which are air, N2, CO2, perfluorocarbon (PFC), hydrofluorocarbon (HFC), gas mixtures containing Sulfr hexafluoride as shown in Figure 1 by boiling temperature. These gases do not have higher dielectric strength but lower GWP than sf6 gas, and their boiling points are below 0 ˚C.

Get Price

An alternative to sf 6 in electrical switchgear - EE Publishers

After many years of research, scientists identified an environmentally friendly alternative to SF 6 that matches all the required properties. The gas mixture is based on a product from 3M called Novec 5110 Dielectric Fluid – a perfluorinated ketone with five carbon atoms (C 5 PFK) (see Fig. 1) [1, 6].

Get Price

The International Program to Identify Alternatives to sf6 gas for

•1998 –IMA appoints committee on insulating gas Alternatives •1999 –Board approves Committee recommendation for IMA funded research program; … members join EPA Partnership for insulating gas Reduction in the industry. •2000 –Research Program funded and begun at SINTEF at NTNU in Trondheim, Norway.

Get Price

Turning waste into energy to fuel the circular economy | EU

Waste to Energy Within The Waste HierarchyBetter Alternative to Landfilling For Non-Recyclable Waste: Waste-To-EnergyPick The Low Hanging Fruits For Big Energy GainsBackgroundThe waste hierarchy sets the priority for waste treatment: from prevention, through re-use, recycling, recovery, to the least preferred options of landfilling and incineration without energy recovery. This hierarchy guides EU policies on waste and the efforts to achieve a true circular economy in the EU. According to the JRC report, in 2014 approximately 1.5% of the EUtotal final energy consumption was met by energy recovered from waste. Energy can be recovered from waste in the form of electricity, heat or waste-derived fuels. Different processes come with different environmental impacts and circular economy potential, with the main ones being: co-incineration in power plants and in cement and lime production; incineration in dedicated facilities; anaerobic digestion of biodegradable waste; as well as production of waste-derived solid, liquid or gaseous fuels.

Get Price

UNION CIVIL PROTECTION MECHANISM PREVENTION AND PREPAREDNESS

EUROPEAN COMMISSION Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) ECHO A – Emergency Management Unit A4 - Civil Protection Policy Union Civil Protection Mechanism Prevention and Preparedness in Civil Protection and Marine Pollution UCPM-2018-PP-AG TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.

Get Price

Travelers Prohibited from Entry to the United States | CDC

Feb 19, 2021 · With specific exceptions, several Presidential proclamations suspend and limit entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of noncitizens who were physically present within the following countries during the 14-day period preceding their entry or attempted entry into the United States.

Get Price

The International Program to Identify Alternatives to Sulfr hexafluoride for

The International Program to Identify Alternatives to sf 6 for Magnesium Melt Protection J. E. Hillis, Noranda Magnesium Inc. and use of this highly toxic material, which is also an undesirable air pollutant, makes it a

Get Price

Understanding waste management: policy - European Parliament

Waste hierarchy: Priority order set among waste prevention and management options: 1) prevention, 2) preparation for re-use, 3) recycling, 4) (e nergy) recovery, and 5) disposal. Background In 2012, 2.5 billion tonnes of waste (o r about 5 tonnes per capita) were generated in the European Union.

Get Price

Wondershare Recoverit review | TechRadar

The crash recovery feature allows you to access crashed computer information through a bluetooth USB drive. It’s an easy feature to use and could save a lot of data. The Advanced plan is $79.95

Get Price

sf6 gas Gas Servicing Equipment – ENERVAC INTERNATIONAL ULC

Due to the above reasons, gaz sf6 is used mostly in applications that allow reclamation as opposed to using it on equipment that requires release of the gas, only to be re-filled with virgin sf 6. ENERVAC produces a complete line of sf6 gas recovery and test equipment, from full sized gas reclaimers down to small decomposition detectors.

Get Price

Factsheet about Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever

PathogenClinical Features and SequelaeTransmissionPrevention MethodsManagement and TreatmentKey Areas of UncertaintyReferencesCrimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral infection described in parts of Africa, Asia, south-eastern Europe, and the Middle East. The causative agent, CCHF virus, belongs to the genus Nairovirus of the Bunyaviridae family. It causes severe disease in humans with a risk of nosocomial transmission and a high fatality rate. The occurrence of the disease is linked to the geographical distribution of hard tick vectors, mostly from the Hyalomma genus. The name of the virus is linked to the clinical recognition of the disease to Crimea in 1944 and the first isolation of the virus in Congo in 1956. The geographic range of CCHF virus is known to be the most extensive of the tickborne viruses relevant to human health. In Europe, cases have been reported in Albania, Bulgaria, Kosovo, Turkey and the former Soviet Union. In Greece, the first human case of CCHF infection was reported in the summer of 2008. The first human case of CCHF infection was reported in Greece in June 2008. In Sp...

Get Price

United Nations Convention Against Corruption - Wikipedia

The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is the only legally binding international anti-corruption multilateral treaty.Negotiated by member states of the United Nations (UN) it has been adopted by the UN General Assembly in October 2003 and entered into force in December 2005.

Get Price

History | World TB Day | TB | CDC

History of World TB Day. On March 24, 1882, Dr. Robert Koch announced the discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that causes tuberculosis (TB).During this time, TB killed one out of every seven people living in the United States and Europe.

Get Price

Best practice portal | www.emcdda.europa.eu

The European Prevention Curriculum (EUPC) is a prevention training that aims to boost the application and uptake of effective modern prevention approaches in Europe. EIB The Evaluation Instruments Bank (EIB) is an online archive of freely available instruments for evaluating drug-related interventions * .

Get Price

Europerecession deepened in the first quarter but the

2 days ago · Europe fell deeper into recession in the first three months of the year, but the regioneconomy is already turning a corner and looks set to bounce back as coronavirus restrictions ease.

Get Price

Bubonic plague - Wikipedia

Bubonic plague is an infection of the lymphatic system, usually resulting from the bite of an infected flea, Xenopsylla cheopis (the Oriental rat flea). Several flea species carried the bubonic plague, such as Pulex irritans (the human flea), Xenopsylla cheopis, and Ceratophyllus fasciatus.

Get Price

Key messages about tick-borne encephalitis and tick-borne

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a common tick-borne disease in Europe (along with Lyme borreliosis). The TBE virus can infect the brain and cause tick-borne encephalitis (brain inflammation). About one in four people infected with the TBE virus fall ill and develop symptoms of encephalitis which include high fever, severe headache, and

Get Price

COVID-19 Traveler Information

Effective January 26, the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will require all air passengers entering the United States (including U.S. citizens and Legal Permanent Residents) to present a negative COVID-19 test, taken within three calendar days of departure or proof of recovery from the virus within the last 90 days .

Get Price

The European aspects of France’s recovery plan | Gouvernement.fr

The European Union is thus set to finance 40% of France’s recovery plan.France will receive these direct grants on the basis of an investment and reform strategy that the Government intends to present to its European partners and the European Commission in early 2021.

Get Price

Rights, respect and recovery: alcohol and drug treatment

Chapter 4: Prevention and Early Intervention; Chapter 5: Developing Recovery Oriented Systems of Care; Chapter 6: Getting it Right for Children, Young People and Families; Chapter 7: A Public Health Approach to Justice; References; Footnotes

Get Price